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The egg donation program is designed for women who, for various reasons such as age, prior surgical interventions, or hereditary genetic disease cannot conceive. In these situations, receiving eggs is the only way to become a mother. Being a donor means expressing solidarity with women who are experiencing difficulty in conceiving, and helping them fulfill their dream of having a child.
If you are interested in becoming an egg donor, you must satisfy the following requirements to be eligible for the program:
– Be between 18-35 years of age
– Have regular periods
– Be a non-smoker, non-drug user
– Have a normal genetic history
– Have a family history without genetically transmitted diseases
– Have negative test results for the following sexually transmitted diseases: AIDS, Hepatitis B and C, Syphilis, Herpes clinical study
– Have a normal reproductive apparatus
– Have a normal height to weight ratio
– Are physically and emotionally healthy
Women who want to become donors must undergo testing of their reproductive organs, which will provide us with information about their fertility and state of health. Information will be collected on menstrual cycles and the presence of any cysts, myomas or any alteration in the reproductive organs will be eliminated.
Additionally, a chromosome study will be carried out to eliminate the possibility of inherited genetic diseases such as Down’s syndrome and cystic fibrosis.
The quality of the eggs and their fertilizing capacity are then studied.
If the results of the gynecological and genetic tests are optimal, the donor then undergoes a psychological assessment. During this screening process, the donor is interviewed by a psychologist and takes several psychological tests for mental health evaluation.
After approval is received from the psychologist, the donor will have a complete blood test to establish blood type, check that all parameters are normal and to verify that the donor is free of any infectious or contagious disease.
Once the screening process has been completed and after the donor has been declared suitable, the donor is prepared for egg retrieval. This begins with controlled ovarian stimulation in which hormone treatment is administered by injections for a period of three weeks. During this time, more than one egg develops to maturity. When the eggs are ready to be extracted, they are retrieved using vaginal ultrasound and under anesthesia to avoid discomfort. The procedure takes about 15-20 minutes, and after an hour of resting, the donor can go home and resume her daily activities.
Egg donation is an assisted reproduction method in which the egg of one woman is taken, fertilized and implanted in another. Donation of female eggs was authorized by Spanish law in 1988 (Law no. 35/1988, 22 November), on the basis that the woman who brings the pregnancy to term and gives birth to the baby is recognized as the mother.
Egg donation is an altruistic act, and is not for profit.
In Spain, donation is a completely anonymous procedure by law.